Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages

According to the US Department of Labor, software engineers, QA analysts, and testers are expected to have a 22 percent rise in employment from 2020 to 2030, far outpacing all other occupations.

At the time, a variety of programming languages were available in the field of software engineering. While some software engineers specialize in a few programming languages, others are keen to expand their expertise and boost their employment prospects by learning new ones. So, in 2022, what are the most popular programming languages to learn? Continue reading to learn about the finest choices.

The Top 10 Programming Languages


Python is a programming language frequently used for software development, web development, management automation, data analytics, and graphical representation of data. Because it’s pretty simple to learn, it’s also becoming popular with non-technical individuals (people working in fields such as academia, finance, and bookkeeping). It has become vital in the field of data science, especially when it comes to ML, statistics, 3-D tools, and sophisticated calculations, to have excellent analytical skills.

Backend and complete stack development, data reprocessing, and cybersecurity enhancements are among the other areas of implementation. Python may also be used to perform tests and automate monotonous operations.


JavaScript is a popular programming language for building scalable desktop and mobile websites with vibrant user interfaces that are augmented with dynamism, special effects, interactive functionalities, and complex activities. It’s a favorite among developers because of its fast development, steep learning curve, and excellent interoperability capabilities.

It has good interoperability with other programming languages, excellent syntactical properties, and a superb user experience with high involvement. Software professionals utilize JS to construct high-quality websites, mobile apps, computer games, and programs for fields like virtual reality, artificial intelligence, and machine learning.


Java has been a flexible and practical programming language at the top of the popularity rankings for numerous years. It may be used to create an eCommerce website, a mobile app, or fintech and gambling apps, among other things. It is praised for its ease of use in authoring, compiling, debugging, and learning.

Java is a straightforward language to understand since it is close to the natural language we use daily. The opportunity to reuse code, enhanced safety, cost-effectiveness and platform independence are among the other benefits.


C# is a popular programming language best suited for those with advanced coding expertise. It’s commonly used for developing desktop and online apps, web services, cloud applications, and computer games. It was created by Microsoft and is widely used in Windows infrastructures.

C# allows you to build simple, dynamic websites to use, grow, and manage. It is frequently selected over other choices because of advantages such as time efficiency, efficient memory backup, and expressive syntactical characteristics.


C is a computer language that is frequently used as a foundation. It is simpler to learn other programming languages once you have mastered C. Its spectrum of applications includes app development, programs, embedded systems, browsers, operating systems, and software for the Internet of Things.

C’s key features are portability across many systems, low cost, simple debugging, quick compilation, and dynamic memory allocation. In addition, C is faster than many other popular languages at executing apps and comes with a slew of useful built-in features.


C++ is ideal for high-performance projects that require quick execution and efficient memory management. It’s used to create graphical user interfaces, corporate software, gaming, robotics, artificial intelligence, and scientific research.

High scalability, a broad user community, and portability, which allow applications to run on several platforms, are all characteristics of C++. It has the reputation of being a fast-paced compiler language. It’s simpler to comprehend if you’re already familiar with one of the C family of languages or Java.


Go is a  simple and dependable programming language commonly used to build lightweight microservices, cloud apps, and server-side programs. Go is also used in automated site reliability engineering, DevOps, artificial intelligence, and data analytics. Because of its simplistic and straightforward characteristics, it is simple to learn. Other key advantages are high performance, speed, scalability, and extensive programming tools.


PHP is an open-source multipurpose utilitarian programming language for developing online applications. It has established itself as a top choice for rookie and experienced programmers due to its rich, extensible features and helpful user community. Its code may be readjusted without incurring additional expenditures because of its extraordinary resourcefulness.

PHP is one of the most popular backend languages because it is a cost-effective language that is simple to learn, optimize, and integrate. Because of its logical and consistent syntactical structure, it is simple to use. Other important features of PHP include fast performance, extraordinary flexibility, practicality, and compatibility with various operating systems.


This programming language is widely used for both professional and personal reasons. It is known for its adaptability, continual progress in its skill in processing word-oriented information, and efficient problem-solving. It was created to scan, extract, and print text-based data, as well as handle other administrative tasks. It is now utilized for textual data redesign, organizational job fulfillment, analytics, and batch processing.

Perl is unique because it extensively uses vocabulary often used in ordinary conversation. It’s also free to use because it’s open-source. Interestingly, it has inspired several engineering competitions due to its vast community of devoted devotees who are incredibly fond of its programming language. Perl is so famous that it’s been used to write poetry!


Swift is a powerful programming language that lets developers quickly create Apple devices’ apps. Software engineers adore this language because of its grammatical laconism mixed with syntactical expressivity and conciseness. Swift is still one of the most popular programming languages, with a large following and the ability to do full-stack development. It is also well-known for its safety and, as the name implies, great speed.

It emphasizes simplicity and safety as a performance-oriented language. It protects code from any mistakes by safeguarding settings. Furthermore, its capabilities may be considerably expanded to give scalability to projects.

Other Notable Programming Languages: 


The R programming language is typically employed for statistics and the resulting graphical representation of data that you can observe, analyze, and base critical choices on. Because of its open-source nature, the code is freely accessible, making it feasible to quickly and transparently eradicate errors, and anybody may improve the code.

Data analysis is embedded into the programming language, so you don’t require a third-party library. R is one of its most distinguishing features primarily focused on dealing with data, and as a result, it is extensively utilized in academia and scientific research. Furthermore, it may be used in fintech, commerce, and business.


The typeScript was established as a superset of JS to uncover any errors in the early phases of development to improve the efficacy of JS software programming. There are several advantages of using TypeScript as a programming language. It provides comprehensive development tools for JS IDEs and improves coding processes by preventing painful mistakes through code modification.

Another advantage is that it is easier to read and understand than many other languages. It’s also easier to refactor and produces code that’s simple to understand and predictable. It might be convenient if you have large codebases or need to develop them quickly.


Kotlin is a structured, interoperable, and safe programming language. Both languages may be used in the same project because of their compatibility with Java. Many developers claim that developing in Kotlin is considerably more enjoyable than working in Java since it is more precise and concise. However, it is not the ideal option for inexperienced programmers.

Although Kotlin is frequently used for Android smartphone programming, it has far broader use. It is widely used for back-end web development and may be used with other frameworks such as Spring. It’s also frequently used for full-stack growth, multiplatform mobile development, and data visualization during data analysis and processing.


The MATLAB programming language integrates powerful features to compute, display, and program in a user-friendly math-oriented environment. It has an extensive library for statistical and algebraic arithmetic, computations, and analytics, as well as built-in graphical options for data visualization and instruments for constructing bespoke plots.

It’s frequently used to make models, simulations, prototypes, design algorithms, data visualization, inquiry, research, and app and GUI development. The other domains where MATLAB is used are industrial, commercial use, academic field, artificial intelligence, testing, finances, and biosciences.


Ruby is a versatile multipurpose language with a simple syntactical structure that allows users to focus on finding the best solution rather than creating long and complicated lines of code. It may be used for front-end and back-end software development, offering many possibilities for desktop systems, online apps, data processing software, and automation instruments.

In cases when every page of the site may be generated simultaneously, this language is also used to create static web pages. Furthermore, Ruby makes it simple to launch an application, and even a small business may use Ruby when their product has to be tested and delivered in the least amount of time.


Rust solves the problems that C++ programmers have been grappling with for years. It may be utilized in two ways due to its dual-mode design. When developers operate in safe mode, certain constraints are placed on the development process, and as a result, the code will function properly.

In the second situation, the engineer is free to employ extra alternatives to improve the task while not in safe mode. However, to avoid susceptibility issues, this method needs extra caution. This programming language is typically used to create operating systems, browser components, simulations, games, and virtual reality.


The Scala programming language was established to be able to grow with the demands of the user. Thus it can be used to construct anything from a simple script to a complex system. It has already been used in several critical initiatives across various businesses. Software engineers still use it to experiment and create.

Distributed systems, website building, data analysis, and reprocessing are some of the most common applications. Scala provides excellent infrastructure support for a wide range of organizations, and it is still utilized by firms like LinkedIn, Tumblr, and Airbnb. As its name indicates, it is incredibly useful and easy to scale.


SQL is a database communication language used to update, retrieve, manipulate, and manage data. It’s extensively used in the music and finance industries and social networks as a powerful tool for backend programming application development.

The programming language has a sizable following, so you’ll have no trouble finding resources if you wish to study it. Data scientists use SQL to extract and evaluate data from various sources. Other areas of applicability include developing software applications, communicating business analyses, and optimizing website content for search engines.


As you can see after reading this post, each language is suitable for various fields and provides a distinct combination of technical functionality and usability aspects for developers.

Compare the qualities and features of each language to determine which is the greatest fit for your requirements. Many firms value individuals with a diverse range of technical skills, so consider your preferences and what the sector requires when choosing which language to study next.